Newsletter October 2021

THE MILL

Newsletter for Members and Friends of High Salvington Windmill        October 2021

We did it!

Despite all the problems that Coronovirus threw at us, with all the lockdowns, restrictions, and delays, the mill has had a successful season this year. Read our Chairman’s report below.

Letter from the (acting) Chairman – Jeff Best

visitors admiring the classic cars
Admiring the classics

Despite the continuing pandemic, the volunteers were able to operate some open days and events this year. Once regulations permitted, we opened the mill field on scheduled open days to pre-booked family groups in June. With the delay in removing full restrictions, this carried on through July. Full open days commenced in August, with the Classic Cars Day. The Fete was held a month later than usual – on August 15th. We had downgraded it slightly to a “Fun Day” to cater for a reduction in available volunteers, and we were dealing with three major events on three consecutive open days. But despite the smaller event, it was a great success. Thank you to all the volunteers, without whom none of this would have been possible. Special mention to Lucy Brooks for managing the party booking system, Ann English (Classic Cars), Graham Carthew (“Fun Day”), Andy Campbell (Crafts Fair) and Ian Fairclough and his team of maintenance volunteers.

  We have also been undertaking a major health and safety review that will result in new training being introduced for all volunteers to ensure that we meet all our legal obligations. Some tasks previously carried out by any volunteer will be restricted to trained volunteers only, and some new systems of work will be required, for example, new safety apparatus for use in sail climbing. In support, to provide access to any information a volunteer may need for the tasks we ask them to carry out, a new Wiki website has been developed and will continue being updated, with all volunteers eventually having full access.

Civic visitors to the mill fete - mayor, deputy mayor, town crier, with our membership secretary
Civic visitors to the mill fete – mayor, deputy mayor, town crier, with our membership secretary

 

Three hardy volunteers 1

  Ian Fairclough has now stepped down as Maintenance Coordinator and our thanks go to him and to Roz Naylor-Smith who is stepping down as Group Visits Organiser. Both have carried out essential tasks for several years. Welcome to Angela Stephens who will be taking over from Roz.

  We urgently need to boost both membership and volunteer numbers. On 21st January 2022 we are hoping to hold a recruitment event at St. Michael’s Church Hall in Hayling Rise, subject to the hall being available when bookings reopen later this month. We are also planning a “Founders Day” event on Saturday 14th May 2022, before the National Mills Weekend open day on 15th May. More details will be posted on our website, in due course.

  Finally, I look forward to seeing all of you at the annual Bonfire Carols on 17th December.”                                                               ooOoo

Tell your friends about us

Would your family and friends like to join us and support the mill as a member? As you can imagine, we had no income from visitors last year, and despite the busy open days, revenues are down this year. Members can come into open days free of charge by showing their card at the gate.

A new toy?

The more eagle-eyed among you may have spotted the village pump installed near the little mills. It is sited outside the fence surrounding the little mills so that visitors young and old can have a go at pumping the water. Below is an article by Alex Vincent, who has made a study of village pumps throughout the land.

THE VILLAGE PUMP by Alex Vincent.

The Egyptians invented the shadoof (irrigation tool) to raise water, which dates from 2000 BC. They used a long, suspended rod with a bucket at one end and a weight at the other. The main village pump today dates from 200 BC and was invented by the Greeks. There is evidence that a pump using a plunger or piston in a barrel or cylinder existed in Greece at this period. These village pumps are hand-operated water pumps, which come in all shapes and sizes. They were built over wells and other water sources to transfer water through a pipe or spout from its source to another location or container such as a trough or bucket. Romans had wooden pumps, but most of these are now gone. Every place would have had a pump in the town square or on the village green. Towns had one in almost every street usually at the end and several shops had one in their yard. Some were in back gardens or in homes. As well as obtaining water from streams, ponds, and wells, this was the only way, which people used to get their water before mains came. Pumps were used in farms and for cattle and horses along old trackways. They had a trough below them. The main reasons for the decline in use of village pumps were the cholera epidemics of the 1850s. The most famous case was the Broad Street pump in Soho, London. A cholera epidemic occurred in Soho in 1854 and the pump in Broad Street (now Broadwick Street) was taken out of action. Dr John Snow took the handle off the pump – an action that halted the cholera. A replica pump stands on the site outside the John Snow pub. There is an information board in the pub.

  The vast majority of the village pumps in Britain today are cast iron pumps dating to the 19th century. Some of the village pumps are in their original position, but a number are not. A lot of them were bought as a collector’s item and some are modern, purchased from garden centres. Many are still to be seen today on village greens, under shelters, over wells, in streets, gardens and outside pubs. The village pump here at High Salvington Windmill came from a house in West Hill. This house was once part of a farm owned by A C Jackson. The pump is a ‘lift and pull’ pump, mounted over an old tank and on the farm. Water came off roofs and buildings and fed into the tank. There is also a well in the garden. A story goes that when horses were used to bring grain to the mill, they were taken to the pump for a drink. The village pump is now restored and working.

Behind the scenes – the Board members

The Board of the High Salvington Mill Trust meets every quarter.

  • Acting chairman: Jeff Best
  • Treasurer: Hazel Marsden
  • Membership Secretary: Paul Minter
  • Company Secretary: vacant and currently handled by Jeff Best
  • Assistant Secretary: Hazel Collier
  • Catering: Melanie Wickett
  • Guides, Newsletter, and Publicity: Lucy Brooks
  • Steps, New Volunteers Coordinator: Ian Fairclough
  • Councillor: Richard Nowak – Worthing Borough

Non-board members

  • Maintenance Coordinator: currently vacant
  • County Councillor: Elizabeth Sparkes.

 

Card Payments

This season saw us able to take credit/debit card payments at the gate and in the tea room. The pandemic seems to have accelerated a cashless society, and we were surprised by how many people turned up without a single penny in their pockets. Unfortunately, we couldn’t extend the facility to the games and stalls for the fete, but fortunately, people brought cash with them. The app proved to be easy to use, and several of us have now trained in its use.

  If you prefer to pay your membership dues by card, please contact our Treasurer, Hazel Marsden on 01903 264409 or 07708 601116. Or fill in the form on page 5 and post to our membership secretary.

 

Follow us on Facebook. Just look for High Salvington Windmill and “like” our page to see news about the mill and the planned events throughout the year.

 Organised group visits

The season started slowly, and we were not quite as busy with young visitors as we would have liked – the schools and youth clubs finding it too difficult to organise trips under regulations. But we welcomed several groups for a tour of the windmill.

  These included a local pack of Brownies, the Fleet Air Arm, a group from Horsham U3A, and a Mindfulness practitioner for new parents, who simply wanted to use our lovely setting.

Members of the Fleet Air Arm

  Each time, guides volunteered to attend and show our visitors around the mill and serve them with delicious cakes made by Mel Wickett. Every single visitor was enormously appreciative of the beautiful condition of the windmill, and the detailed explanations given by the guides. A big thank you to everyone involved in organising these tours. Roz Naylor-Smith will be handing over her role to Angela Stephens in 2022, and we look forward to many more visits next year. These visits add a fair bit to our coffers and are very well worthwhile, both financially, and because they spread the word about High Salvington Windmill.

 

Maintenance report – Ian Fairclough

There have been no major projects undertaken since the last Newsletter. So, with the mill and the site buildings and structures in fine fettle, attention turned to sprucing up the picket fences and benches which have all been painted. We also acquired another bench that was donated by a local resident which one of our new volunteers refurbished. The whole site was now ready for visitors who returned in June.

  The installation of the vintage pump has been completed and is now operational to the delight of our young (and not so young!) visitors who have enjoyed trying it out on our open days.

  Other small works that have taken place or are in hand include:

·        Additional lighting installed in the roundhouse

·        Fete trestles and tables have been repaired where necessary

·        Granary window which was rotten has been replaced and just requires painting

Scheduled maintenance has continued to ensure all the mills and the grounds are in tip-top condition.

 

Home-made cakes are top class and delicious

This season our cakes have been crafted by Mel Wickett (shown below), Albert Pardo, and Frankie Bridges. The proof of their deliciousness is that they were all sold out! What further proof is needed? Thanks to all our cake-makers, and to Mel who organises the kitchen supplies so well.

 

 

 

 

 

Craft day

 

The craft fair was the last event of the season and was a huge success. The sunny weather brought out the visitors and the stallholders enjoyed a very productive afternoon. The stalls ranged from cards to crafted gifts, from woollen toys to wooden boxes. Visitors arrived throughout the afternoon. A huge thank you to Andy Campbell who organised the event, and to all the volunteers to helped make it a success.

  One stallholder commented how much she looked forward to the craft fair at the windmill. “It’s such a lovely setting, and the weather is usually good. I love it.”

ooOoo

Running the booking system for our controlled numbers day (June/July)

With strict restrictions imposed by the Government still in place at the beginning of the season, we were unable to open at our usual season start of April. Behind the scenes, however, we were making plans. Guided by the terms of the PM’s infamous “road map” we decided to hold the volunteers’ coffee morning in late May. Many volunteers enjoyed seeing one another for the first time for over a year and the team explained the changes that had occurred in the meantime. The Board had decided to open the gates in June to a limited number of parties.

  At first, this was restricted to members of the Trust only, but take-up was slow, so I decided to cast the net a little wider via Facebook groups. I had devised an online booking system via Eventbrite which allowed me to keep control of who would be coming and which part of the afternoon. I limited slots to an hour each, so we had the potential, on our first open day, to welcome nine groups in total. It went so well that we decided to increase the number of groups to fifteen over the afternoon.

  The Government then delayed the easing of restrictions by a month, so we extended the scheme into July, for two further Sundays and with even more groups allowed – all distanced throughout the field, and all wearing masks when inside the mill. The results were good, and by this time we were showing people round the mill in very small family parties. However, one Sunday was affected by rain, and another by “pinging”. The no-shows were made up by passers-by asking to come in even though they hadn’t booked. It all worked out in the end, and all the volunteers on duty were thrilled to see the field busy again. We dropped the booking system for our first major event – the classic car day where we welcomed visitors in their hundreds. The picture shows one very happy exhibitor. Lucy Brooks, Board member

Feeding the World: Medieval Mills and Milling (from the Mills Archive)

It is clear that by the time of the Norman Conquest mills were regarded as important manorial assets.  No manor was properly equipped unless it had a mill.  This is demonstrated by the 6,000 plus recorded in Domesday Book, the result of the survey undertaken in 1086 (High Salvington/Durrington is not mentioned in that early survey). Considering the number of mills recorded it is perhaps surprising that the remains of few medieval watermills have been found through excavation.

The earliest written references which specifically mention windmills date from the 1180s.  In a well-documented case of 1191 Abbot Samson of Bury St Edmunds ordered the destruction of a windmill which had been built on glebe land without his permission by Herbert the dean. By the early 14th century windmills had also appeared in the north-west, at Upton-in-Widnes, Lancashire and Haulton, Cheshire, for example.  While it has been suggested that windmills were built by manorial lords to supplement rather than supplant watermills, in some areas where the water supply was intermittent or the topography less favourable to providing a good fall of water, windmills became a common sight in the late medieval landscape.

  The earliest windmills were timber-built post mills, the whole body (sometimes called the buck) of the mill, which contained the millstones and gearing, being turned to face the sails into the wind on the top of a massive central post.  For increased stability, the timbers that supported the post were often buried in the raised mound; the remains of such substructures have been found at a number of sites including Sandon Mount, Hertfordshire and near Bridgwater, Somerset.

  The illustration on the left is from a church in Bishop’s Lydeard, Somerset, showing part of the trestle buried in the mound. Next to the mill is the miller with a measure for taking is toll and his packhorse.

Abridged version. You can read the full article at the Mills Archive.

A medieval mill similar to that illustrated preceded ours, which dates from 1756. There are mentions in old maps and church records to provide evidence of this.

Volunteer Drive

The Board is planning a volunteer drive in January 2022. There will be a presentation at St, Michael’s Parish Hall. Please watch out for details of this.

The shop

Visitors, especially children, love to purchase a souvenir from the shop. Pocket money priced gifts to take home are very popular, as are the windmills – a favourite with the children. The shop is stocked and organised by Roger and Kate Osborn.

 

 Membership
High Salvington Windmill currently has 201 members (ten honorary) and would love there to be more.

Membership is excellent value at £4 per year for single member, £7 per year for dual membership, and just £40 for life membership.  

   A Membership form can be found below, with subscriptions payable by cash, cheque or Standing Order. As well as entitling members to attend all open days and events free of charge on presentation of your membership card, you also receive two newsletters a year, as well as being able to attend the Trust Annual General Meeting.

   With Christmas approaching, a membership for family or friends would make a unique present, whilst also providing us with valuable support.

  Although this last year has seen fewer events and open days than we would have liked, we very much look forward to being able to have a full programme next year.

  Anyone interested in becoming a member and supporting us will be granted membership through until March 2023.  If you have any questions or need more information, please email Paul Minter on membership@highsalvingtonmilltrust.co.uk.  

Captain Paul B Minter RFA (Rtd), Membership Secretary

 

 

SUBSCRIPTION TO THE HIGH SALVINGTON MILL TRUST LTD

Annual membership                  per person        £  4.00              o

per dual couple £  7.00              o

Life membership                                   per person        £40.00              o

I/we enclose CASH/CHEQUE payable to HIGH SALVINGTON MILL TRUST LTD

NAME: ______________________________________________________________________________

ADDRESS: ___________________________________________________________________________

Post Code_________________

Signed _____________________       Date ___________________ email: _____________________________

Send to: Membership secretary, 69 Hayling Rise, High Salvington, Worthing, BN13 3AG

email: membership@highsalvingtonmilltrust.co.uk

Data Protection: If you object to your name and address being kept on computer, please raise the matter with the membership secretary.

Registered in England Company no. 4199780                       Registered office: 12 Furzeholme, Worthing BN13 3BS

 

‘The Mill’ is edited by Lucy Brooks. 01903 691945. lucindafbrooks@outlook.com

Newsletter March 2021

THE MILL

Newsletter for Members and Friends of High Salvington Windmill           March 2021

We are planning to reopen in July

Of course, this will depend on the Government’s road map going according to plan, but we are making plans to open our gates to the public again on the first Sunday in July – the 4th. Put it in your diary.

The Board has also decided that on two Sundays in June, the mill grounds only will be open to members and their families by appointment. If you would like to bring your family to the mill grounds, enjoy a cup of tea, bring a picnic, and admire the mill, please contact Lucy Brooks on 01903 691945 or lucindafbrooks@outlook.com to book a slot on June 6th or June 20th. Up to nine family groups may enter the field on each of these days in three separate time slots starting at 2 pm, 3 pm and 4 pm. Volunteers will be on hand to ensure social distancing and cleaning between groups. We will also arrange to have guides stationed in the field to explain the history of the mill and to answer any questions.

Fete moved to August

The Board also decided to postpone the Fete until August 15th. This will give us time to get used to the new situation, and to see if the country really can start to operate normally again.

Do you have administrative skills?

We are looking for a new company secretary

We need someone with some corporate experience to act as our Company Secretary. The role involves making sure that our affairs are conducted correctly, and directors are eligible for service. It is a voluntary position and involves becoming a director. If you are interested, please contact Jeff on 01903 264409 or Jeffrey.best@highsalvingtonmilltrust.co.uk.

Calendar: Here’s the revised calendar of events this summer – all very much subject to the Government’s Road Map

Pre-season meeting.   23 May (volunteers only)

Members’ visits           6 and 20 June

Normal opening          4 and 18 July

AGM                            25 June 2021

Classic cars                  1 August

Open Fun Day             15 August

Craft Fair                      5 September

Normal opening          19 September

ooOoo

Behind the scenes – the Board members

The Board of the High Salvington Mill Trust meets every quarter.
Acting chairman: Jeff Best

Treasurer: Hazel Marsden

Membership Secretary: Paul Minton

Company Secretary: vacant and currently handled by Jeff Best

Assistant Secretary: Andy Campbell

Catering: Melanie Wickett

Guides, Newsletter and Publicity: Lucy Brooks

Steps, New Volunteers Coordinator: Ian Fairclough

Councillor: Richard Nowak – Worthing Borough

Non-board members

Maintenance Coordinator, Social Media: Samantha Goddard

County Councillor: Elizabeth Sparkes.

The first special event of the year will be the Classic Car Day on August 1st. Ann English has already started to plan a wonderful display of beautiful motors for us to see and discuss with their owners. If you have a classic car you’d like to show off, please contact Ann on car4mill@btinternet.com

 Meet the team

Over the next couple of newsletters, we will be introducing our stalwart volunteers on and off the Board. The first two are Ian Fairclough and pending board member Samantha Goddard.

Ian Fairclough:  Ian began volunteering at the mill in 2012 after he retired from a career in the public sector in the accounting and computing field. He has always had an interest in historical industrial/agricultural buildings and structures and to have a wonderful example close by inspired him to volunteer at High Salvington windmill.

He is predominantly involved in maintenance and describes himself as a very average DIY-er. Additionally, he assists with other duties on open days and special events. There is a great community spirit amongst the volunteers and local residents at the mill and Ian gains great satisfaction from seeing the sails turning on the ‘old girl’ on open days to the delight of our visitors.

Samantha Goddard: Samantha lives in Broadwater and joined us as Maintenance Coordinator in November last year. Her background lies in campaigns and communications and she has joined the Mill due to her love of working with people who come together to get work done – in this case, the upkeep of our local heritage. Samantha also enjoys photography and looks forward to sharing some content with you through our social media.

Peter Casebow, one of the engineers who restored our mill, has written a book called High Salvington: Saving Worthing’s Last Windmill. It’s a history of our mill and how it was restored. It will be available later this summer.

 Milling through the ages

The Mills Archive is a treasure trove of information about mills of any kind. Of course, mills are most well-known for grinding corn into flour. However, over the centuries, mills powered by wind, water and other power sources have been used for many other types of industry. Here are some of these.

Woad mills

Woad was the primary source for blue dye until the introduction of synthetic indigo. A small bushy plant, it was harvested by hand from August to November and crushed in a mill. It was also used to fix other dyes so they would not run. Woad was still used for police clothing and other uniforms at the beginning of the 20th century. The last English woad mills ceased work in the 1930s.

The introduction of synthetic indigo caused the industry to decline, and by the beginning of the 20th century, there were only three woad mills left in England, producing woad for the government to fix the dyes in police clothing and other uniforms. At Parson Drove in Cambridgeshire was the last of the old ‘peripatetic’ mills which at one time were moved every few years to new pastures when the old had been exhausted by the intensive nature of woad farming. Newer steam-powered mills remained at Algarkirk and Skirbeck, Lincolnshire.

Gunpowder mills

Although medieval Europeans gave the devil the credit for the invention of gunpowder, it was in fact Chinese alchemists who first began to manufacture it in the 9th century. It travelled through the Islamic World along the Silk Roads, and it is first mentioned in the West in the 13th century by Roger Bacon.

Gunpowder, or black powder, is a mixture of saltpetre, charcoal and sulphur. At first made in small amounts in a pestle and mortar, from the 16th century there were water-driven mills in England, and from 1589 these had to have a royal licence to operate, although some operated illegally.

The first stage in the manufacture of black powder was the preparation of the ingredients. Saltpetre (potassium nitrate) could be manufactured from decomposed animal dung, mixed with lime. Sulphur was imported from Italy and Sicily, while charcoal was made by charring wood. Powder mills were often surrounded by coppices of willow and alder trees for this reason. Before being mixed together the ingredients had to be powdered and sieved and weighed to ensure the right quantities were used, the proportions being 75 parts saltpetre to 15 parts charcoal and ten parts sulphur. They were then mixed together in a revolving drum to form ‘green charge’.

The next stage was incorporating. The earlier form of incorporating mill was the pestle or stamping mill, in which the turning camshaft caused stamps to rise and fall, beating the powder in troughs below. These could be powered by hand, by treadmill or by waterwheel. Later, edge runner stones became common, and the earlier stamping mills were made illegal in 1772 on safety grounds.

Paper Mills

By the time of the first paper mills in England, the principles of making paper by hand, using the vat method in water-driven mills, had long been established. These principles remained fundamentally the same until the eighteenth century when papermaking machines were invented. One of the first English paper mills was Sele Mill, just outside Hertford on the Beane, a stream flowing into the River Lea. The principal early method for making paper is as follows: After having been sorted, cut, washed and allowed to ferment, rotted rags were placed in water-laden troughs called mortars. They were macerated into pulp by a battery of iron-tipped wooden stamping hammers. These were lifted and dropped by the cams fitted to the main shaft, worked by waterpower.

 

Feeding an army in the depths of a Russian winter requires some handy ideas

Hand mills like this one were carried by thousands of Swedish soldiers during the Great Northern Wars of the 18th Century. They were used by the Caroleans, the highly professional soldiers of the Swedish Empire.  Grain lasts longer than flour and is far easier to store and transport. As a result, many armies throughout history have granted its soldiers rations in grain rather than finished food, a practice that dates back to the armies of Imperial Rome. Napoleon’s Grande Armée brought hand-cranked mills with them on the Russian Campaign, but these were heavy and cumbersome. In comparison, this simple Swedish mill could be carried by each individual soldier. Made out of wood, it was light and could be easily dismantled into three parts, and was easy to repair. As the mill was made of wood, the grains would have to be very soft: when we tried to grind modern grains in it, they were too hard.

The Mills Archive

Our thanks go to the Mills Archive Trust for these and other stories published in our newsletters over the past year. The Mills Archive is a permanent repository for the documentary and photographic records of traditional and contemporary mills and milling, as well as similar structures dependent on traditional power sources. It makes that material freely available for public inspection and use in research and learning.

The Mills Archive is one of the world’s great mill collections. It has rescued over 3 million documents and images that might otherwise have ended up in a landfill site. It is an Aladdin’s cave filled with memories and free to users. The collections show the rich and diverse crafts, buildings, machinery, equipment and people involved with mills in the UK and around the world.

The archive believes in the cultural and educational values of mills and historic power sources and wishes to turn that into practical support.

Tell your friends about us

Would your family and friends like to join us and support the mill as a member? As you can imagine, we had no income from visitors last year, and we are looking forward to changing that this summer. Members can come into open days free of charge by showing their card at the gate.

High Salvington Windmill currently has 204 members (ten honorary), and would love there to be more.

Any questions: Paul Minter on membership@highsalvingtonwindmilltrust.co.uk

Capt. Paul Minter, Membership

 

Membership
  The cost of an Annual membership is just £4 (£7 for dual membership). The cost of Life membership is £40.

“————————————————————————————————————————-

SUBSCRIPTION TO THE HIGH SALVINGTON MILL TRUST LTD

Annual membership                  per person        £  4.00              o

per dual couple £  7.00              o

Life membership                                   per person        £40.00              o

I/we enclose CASH/CHEQUE payable to HIGH SALVINGTON MILL TRUST LTD

NAME: ______________________________________________________________________________

ADDRESS: ___________________________________________________________________________

Post Code_________________

Signed _____________________       Date ___________________ email: _____________________________

Send to: Membership secretary, 69 Hayling Rise, High Salvington, Worthing, BN13 3AG

email: membership@highsalvingtonmilltrust.co.uk

Data Protection: If you object to your name and address being kept on computer, please raise the matter with the membership secretary.

Registered in England Company no. 4199780                       Registered office: 12 Furzeholme, Worthing BN13 3BS

 

Follow us on Facebook. Just look for High Salvington Windmill and “like” our page to see news about the mill and the planned events throughout the year.

 

‘The Mill’ is edited by Lucy Brooks. 01903 691945. lucindafbrooks@outlook.com

Mill newsletter May 2020

THE MILL                                                                              Summer 2020

Newsletter of the Friends of High Salvington Windmill     

Mill closed for 2020 season

Welcome to a special newsletter published by the High Salvington Windmill. Most of you will already know of the very sad decision taken by the Board not to open at all this season. As the Covid-19 crisis unfolded, at first, we thought we might be able to salvage our late summer events, and possibly the fete. But by April it was clear to all that, even with the easing of restrictions, public gatherings would not be allowed this summer. We could not ensure correct social distancing even for small groups, given the confined space inside our mill. We also needed to consider the health of our volunteers, many of whom are over 70, some with underlying health issues. We hope you will enjoy reading some stories and anecdotes about our mill, and others in the local area.

ooOoo

A look back at the story of our mill and those that went before

We hope you will enjoy this collection of items from the past. They include anecdotes and stories from the archives.

Fire at the mill

An entry in The Sussex Weather Book by Ogley, Currie and Davison tells us that on November 23rd 1755 “…A windmill in the parish of Durrington … was set on fire by lightning … which, in a short while, consumed the same ….”

  The Archive Group decided to investigate further and found a mention in the Kentish Post and the Brighton Herald, which further informed that with the mill, several loads of corn were also destroyed. We do not believe that there was a round house then, so the corn must have been stored inside the mill. It seems fairly certain that the mill then stood on an open hardwood (oak) trestle. Eighteen months after the fire, the mill was insured for £250 with the ‘Sun Fire Office’ for a premium of £5. Over the years, the mill was substantially and expensively updated, with a roundhouse being built to safeguard a trestle made of softwood, the buck enlarged, and a pair of spring shutter sails replacing a pair of common sails. Business must have been good!

Milling through the ages

Indentured labour

The Mills archive holds a wonderful document. It is an indenture between the millwright and engineer Thomas Pilbeam, and his new apprentice, Charles William Dew. Dated 14th October 1865, it agrees that Charles Dew will work for five years, and promises his good and lawful behaviour. In return he will be taught ‘The Art of the Millwright and Engineer’. It also agrees to an increasing rate of pay as his skills and abilities develop throughout the apprenticeship. He begins on six shillings a week and ends on fourteen shillings a week in his fifth year of employment.

  It seems Charles had a successful apprenticeship. In a reference, Thomas Pilbeam rues the fact that he does not have enough work for him. It seems that Charles was able to gain employment. A later reference from the foreman at Medina Mills explains that he worked to ‘full satisfaction’ as a millwright and engineer, leaving to work on another mill under construction. 

Sussex Weekly Advertiser December 5th 1774 

WANTED

A MILLER, one that is a sober man and can write.  It is not material that he is quite master of the Business or not.  Apply to William EDE at Shermanbury, near Steyning.

 Muscle Power

Very early mills used man and animal power to raise water for irrigation and to turn stones to grind all kinds of products such as sugar cane, beans, corn, etc. The image on the right shows how water was raised in North Africa. Driven by two bullocks the machinery moved earthenware pots in a loop, scooping the water up from a well.  Another example from the archive shows a human watermill in China employing two workers to operate a treadwheel/scoop wheel contraption to irrigate paddy fields.

ooOoo

Good guy, bad guy?

Throughout the ages, the role of the miller has been subject to all sorts of stories and stereotypes: millers have been slandered, satirised, respected and romanticised all in equal measures.

  A volume called The Mills of Man by George Long (available in the archive) contains an account attesting that at one time, the jobs of milling and smuggling often went hand in hand.

Mr Long describes how, at the end of the eighteenth and beginning of the nineteenth centuries “when that nefarious traffic reached its zenith”, the miller had an important role to play in the highly-organised smuggling trade. The miller was “frequently the individual responsible for the actual delivery to the consumer of the articles ordered. The reason for this was that the mill was situated in every village – either wind or water – and could easily deliver contraband articles concealed beneath the sacks of grain or flour which formed its legitimate trade. Further, those small mills which had no delivery vehicles of their own could hand the articles to the callers as they brought their grist and took away their flour.”

  So it seems that millers took a leading part in the work of delivering orders to the customers in towns and villages – an ingenious method indeed! This business would not have taken place completely secretly: often the whole village would have been in on it as many of them would have benefitted, as we hear in Rudyard Kipling’s poem A Smuggler’s Song: “Brandy for the Parson, ‘Baccy for the Clerk”. Those that didn’t benefit chose to subtly turn their heads:

“Them that asks no questions isn’t told a lie –

Watch the wall my darling as the gentlemen go by!”

  Stories of the smuggling days are particularly rife around the Hampshire and Sussex coastline, In its heyday smuggling was common across the whole of the southern coast of England, from Falmouth to Folkestone and anywhere in between.

We are indebted to the Mills Archive newsletter for these stories. If you want to know more, look them up at this link: https://millsarchive.org/

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Miller’s tomb at Highdown

The isolated tomb of John Olliver on Highdown Hill has been a focal point for gossip, jokes and rumour for over two hundred years. Olliver was a prosperous miller who built his own tomb in 1766 – 27 years before his death.  The tombstone reads: “For the reception of the body of John Olliver, when deceased to the Will of God: granted by William Westbrooke Richardson esq., 1766”. But there’s more.

  Olliver reportedly kept his casket under his bed all the years between securing the burial plot and actually entering the great beyond. Locals suspected that he was a smuggler, using sails arranged in code on his windmill to tell of his shipments and storing the illicit goods in his casket and at his future gravesite. We have to wonder what exactly he might have been smuggling!

  Over 2000 people turned up at his funeral to witness his passing, and rumour has it, he was buried face down. Apparently, the world would be turned upside down when the last judgment came, and his position underground would ensure he was the right way up! John Olliver was not associated in any way with our windmill in High Salvington, despite the fact that they could clearly see each other across the fields between their hills.

Sources: various including BBC Southern Counties and Dusty Old Things.

Rustington Smock Mill

One of our Facebook followers posted a newspaper article about the mill at Rustington which existed up to 1912. Rustington Mill stood at the end of Sea Lane. Apart from Cudlow Farm, Hobbs Farm and Knight’s Croft House, there were no other buildings in Sea Lane apart from Rustington Mill – a Post Mill or Smock Mill.

According to the article, some of which we reproduce here, it had stood for two centuries. A passage leading to the village was discovered, thought to have been used for smuggling. The nearby houses had similar passages. Smuggling truly was rife in Sussex back in the 18th century!

Thanks to Rustington Past and Present for permission to reproduce this cutting.

Sussex Weekly Advertiser 1774

October 24th

WANTED

A Miller who understand the Business and can be well recommended and can write. Apply to Mr. JOHN STOVELD at Steyning

Our Hampshire neighbour

Bursledon Windmill is Hamp-shire’s only working windmill, and a fascinating example of the county’s milling history. Built in 1813, after a period of dereliction it was restored and reopened in the 1990s as a working windmill and heritage attraction.

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Southern Weekly Advertiser, Monday, January 17th 1774

On Wednesday last one Combe a miller at Newhaven, was going from that place to Worth on horseback with a woman behind him. His horse took fright at something on the road when the woman too jumped off without hurt but unfortunately pulling Combe with her his foot hung in the stirrup and the horse dragging him a considerable distance he was horribly bruised that he died on Saturday.

October 17th

To be sold by AUCTION

On Wednesday the 26th of October Instant, at the Sign of the Wheel at Westfield Sussex except disposed of by previous Contract before

A WATERWHEEL and HUST and a Cogwheel and Boulter and the Building of a Water Mill thereto belonging. For further particulars enquire of Mr. HAYWARD Miller at Wartlington.

August 13th

Whereas the Ponds at BREAD POWDER MILLS near BATTLE in the county of Sussex have lately been several Times robbed and great Quantities of Fish stolen by Poachers and unjustified Persons in the Night Time. A Reward of TEN GUINEAS is offered to any Person who shall discover or give information against the offending Person or Persons so that they may be brought to Justice …

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From the Southern Weekly Advertiser,

February 7th 1774

On Friday se’ennight Battle Powder Mill blew up, but happily no lives were lost.

February 14th

A few days since died at his house in Chichester Mr. Wm Woods, one of the joint proprietors of the large tide mill at Seaford; this gentleman has for many years laboured under heavy excruciating tortures from that disease of the Stone which he bore with great Christian fortitude; and within a few days of his death he declared that when dead he might be opened which was accordingly done and a Stone of above eleven ounces was taken out of his bladder.

Lewes July 4th

On Wednesday last as a lad, son to Mr Hoather, miller of the above place [Brighthelmstone] was chopping a bat with a handbill it unfortunately fell on his wrist which thereby received such a desperate wound, that it is fear’d his hand must undergo a Amputation.

Thanks to Wendy Funnel, our archivist, for these gems.


 
Stories from our guides

Backhanded compliment!

At the conclusion of the tour a lady turned to me and said, “Well, that was a lot more interesting than I thought it was going to be….” (Greg).

Out of the mouths…

One young and apparently very well-read visitor asked me why the mill hadn’t blown up, because

– they were doing long hours milling after the harvest and would need light.

– but they only had candles or oil lamps,

– and a working flour mill is full of flour dust – which is notoriously flammable. (Paul)

Perhaps they simply made the best use of summer daylight that they could. Or maybe they could see in the dark. Or was it just luck?  (Ed.)

Another guide reported that a young visitor to the mill at Singleton asked about how everything worked. She listened carefully as our guide showed her the grain, the stones, the bran and the flour. Asked if she had any questions she enquired “why do you have hairs growing out of your nose?”

  The same guide has often been asked about the ‘electric motor that drives the sails.’ Of course, there is no motor – the wind is the driving force. And to some of today’s visitors, it seems an alien concept. You never know what questions may be asked or what explanations you might be called upon to resolve. (Bob)

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Follow us on Facebook. Just look for High Salvington Windmill and “like” our page to see news about the mill and the planned events throughout the year.

A word from our Acting Chairman, Jeff Best

At this troubling time, when we are physically distanced from friends and family and the future is uncertain, I am very grateful to our maintenance and management teams who have adapted, with aplomb, to the new “normal”. The grass is still being cut and hedges kept in excellent trim. The mill is still being turned into the wind and the sails rotated regularly to balance wear. The buildings are being checked and a weather eye kept on known maintenance issues. I regret that this season, we cannot welcome visitors and many of our volunteers, but your health is more important. I look forward to the time when this infection is under control and we can resume operations. In the meantime, stay safe, and know that we are doing all we can to keep the mill and engines well maintained and the site well-groomed ready to welcome everyone back once this is all behind us. Finally, I would like to make special mention of Ian Fairclough, who has been managing maintenance diligently for the last few years, and Lucy Brooks, who is putting extra effort into producing an additional newsletter to remind us all of the heritage treasures we are all committed to preserving for those who follow us.

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A miller’s poem

The windmill is a couris thing

Compleatly built by art of man

To grind the corn for man and beast

That they alike may have a feast

 

The mill she is built of wood, iron, and stone,

Therefore she cannot go aloan;

Therefore, to make the mill to go,

The wind from some part she must blow.

 

The motison of the mill is swift,

The miller must be very thrift,

To jump about and get things ready,

Or else the mill will soon run empty.

‘The Mill’ is edited by Lucy Brooks. 01903 691945

Mill Newsletter March 2020

Since publishing the newsletter, the Board of the Windmill decided to close the mill to the public until further notice, due to the Coronavirus emergency.

Sails get a clean sweep

Since the last newsletter the sails have undergone a thorough clean. A cherry picker was hired and the team had much fun learning to drive their new toy before starting the serious work of jetting the accumulated dirt off the sails. The purpose of this was to inspect the sails’ condition and identify any remedial works required to be carried out later in the year.

  During the winter the stones have been prepared ready for cleaning in February, and the Glynde wind pump has been repaired and reinstalled. The wind engine has been without a pump since it was installed a few years ago but the good news is that a suitable pump has been found, and we hope to have it in place before the season starts.

  A disability table is likely to be available for this season, so that wheelchair users can comfortably sit at a table.

  The roundhouse roof was repaired in September, and we are monitoring water-tightness. A small leak was quickly repaired by the contractor and the new roof is holding up well.

The maintenance team meets most Thursdays. If you want to join us, please contact Ian by emailing him at iandxf@hotmail.com

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Behind the scenes in the kitchen

 

Toffee fudge cake

  “I have put you forward to bake the cakes for the tea bar at the Mill” That was how I got involved in baking the cakes. My husband knew that I enjoyed baking but didn’t want to be the one eating all the cakes! To be fair, I had always donated homemade cakes for the cake stall at the Summer Fete. Over the years I have baked many cakes and tried many recipes but the old teatime favourites win every time: Victoria Sandwich, Lemon Drizzle, fruit cakes and brownies. Coffee cake is always well received as well! Last year I had a couple of ladies who volunteered to bake cakes as well…pretty much for the same reason, a love of baking but few takers to share the joy of a freshly home-made cake (Paola, Pam and Frankie I am talking about you!) Their contributions were very welcome and each of them have their favourites to bake – be it muffins, savouries or a traditional Lemon Drizzle. Ladies, I thank you!High Salvington Windmill is renowned for the delicious home-made cakes served on open afternoons. Melanie Wickett, who is our chief cake-maker and catering coordinator tells us a little about how she started making cakes for the mill.

  If you would like to share the results of your pleasure in baking, feel free to contact me about making some cakes for the Tea Bar or any donations of homemade cakes for the Cake Stall at the Summer Fete would be extremely welcome. Melanie Wickett Contact 07710 469196 email melanie.wickett@me.com.”

Green tea

This year, teas and coffees will be served in recyclable cups. The older, but cheaper, polystyrene cups cannot be recycled, so we did some research and came up with a cup that can be recycled. They are a little more expensive, but so much more environmentally friendly. Did you know that polystyrene can take up to 500 years to break down? The new cups will be introduced this summer.

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Mill represented at local events

Seed swap

The mill had a stand at the Seed Swap organised by Transition Town Worthing on 8th February. The event was well attended, and the team on our stand handed out leaflets to visitors, including Mayor Hazel Thorpe, while also making some very useful connections for the future. The Seed Swap takes place each year in early February and is a wonderful opportunity to get started in the garden, learn more about recycling, composting, sustainability, health and local food produce.

 

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Hobbies fair

 

Our brilliant archivist, Wendy Funnell, once again organised a wonderful stand on display at the Rotary Club’s hobbies fair, held this year on 22 February at the Bohunt school. Several of our volunteers manned the stall throughout the day and talked to visitors about the mill, inviting them to come along during the summer months. We also made contact with several groups who would like to organise private tours of the mill outside of our normal opening times. The Town Cryer was in attendance and paid a visit to our stall. The Sompting Morris Dancers were also at the fair – they entertain us all at our annual summer fete. The hobbies fair is organised every two years by the Rotary club. Societies and clubs of all kinds come to show people a huge variety of activities throughout Worthing – anything from ballet to astronomy, stamp collecting to – well – windmills.

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In memoriam      John Simmonds

The mill sails were placed in the mourning position recently when we heard of the death of John Simmonds. Peter Casebow remembers him.

  “I first met John in the early 1980’s when he attended my evening woodwork class.  It was there that he told me he worked as an architect and where I showed him an item from the mill which I was restoring.  On his showing an interest I suggested he might prefer working at the mill to the woodworking class.

  He became a long-standing member of the volunteer group and obtained apple wood from Kentish orchards to make new cogs for the tailwheel in the mill.  During that period orchards in Kent were being grubbed up.

  Years later he drew up the plans for the Visitors Centre, built by the volunteers with Lottery money.  He also designed the gate hut, initially for use as a shop.  As the shop was unsuccessful in that position, we relocated it in the barn (or Visitors Centre).  The gate hut then became our archive store.

  I can remember one evening when tiling the barn roof, he was to be seen with his legs sticking above the apex of the roof like flagpoles while tiling near the top of the roof on the opposite side.  He was keen to get involved with the practical work: he and his two sons helped when the sail stocks were fitted using a block and tackle.

  In later years John always maintained an interest in the goings on at the mill.” 

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Final link

An announcement in the local paper informed us that Richard Davenport had passed away on the 17th January 2020, aged 96. Richard was Treasurer to The Friends of the Mill from 1987 to 1996, and was a very loyal supporter of the mill, especially in the early days of its restoration He was the borough housing officer who helped to rehouse Mrs  Douglas Jones, the widow of the last owner of the mill, when she became unable to look after herself.

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 Carol evening raises funds

Despite some awful weather and a distinct threat of cancellation, many residents turned out on 20 December to sing carols by the bonfire. £366 was raised, which was sent to St Barnabas and Chestnut Tree House hospices. The carols were led by Reverend Beverley Miles, and the bonfire built by our volunteer maintenance team. Thanks to everyone involved, especially those who supplied the hot drinks and mince pies.

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Group visits

If you are a member of a group or club, why not suggest they organise an outing to the windmill in 2020? We can arrange a private visit, including a tour and refreshments. Simply contact Roz at

tours@highsalvingtonmilltrust.co.uk to discuss suitable dates and times.

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Follow us on Facebook. Just look for High Salvington Windmill and “like” our page to see news about the mill and the planned events throughout the year.

 

Getting Involved

Calling anyone with a few hours to spare. We are always on the look-out for people to help us maintain the beautiful windmill. Our current principal need is for people with carpentry and/or engineering skills to maintain the building and keep it operational.

  Or perhaps you fancy actually grinding the grain? It takes some training, but we need some more millers to work on windy days.

  We are also looking for people to help at the fete – perhaps to man a stall, run the raffle, bake some cakes, grow some plants – all to help this fabulous community afternoon succeed. It is our main fund-raiser – and the mill needs funds. We have no paid staff, but often need to hire contractors and equipment to keep the mill shining as the jewel of High Salvington.

  If you are interested please contact us by visiting the website contacts page (see below).

 

New website

The windmill website has been extensively redesigned and relaunched. You can find us at www.highsalvingtonwindmill.co.uk. The site is now maintained by Jeff Best and Lucy Brooks.

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Preparing to lay the runner back on the bedstone after cleaning
Preparing to lay the runner back on the bedstone after cleaning

Cleaning the stones

Bedstone exposed
The bedstone exposed

A word from our Acting Chairman, Jeff Best

Welcome to 2020 and a new Windmill season. I look forward to seeing all of our volunteers on 22nd March. As this is Mothering Sunday, feel free to bring as many mothers as you like, the more volunteers the merrier! Seriously, volunteers are the life-blood of a charity like the Mill Trust. A few years ago, in response to a request from our insurers, I had cause to calculate the time donated to us by our volunteers and the total came to 433 person days per year. Numerically, that is equivalent to having two full time staff, which, if paid at the national living wage for our area, would cost over £39,000. In reality, our volunteers give us a range of skills and knowledge that this amount could never buy, and the Trust’s reserves would not last long if we had to attempt to do so. Two staff could not man as many stalls as 120 fete day volunteers, neither could they serve teas, staff the shop, take money at the gate, guide visitors or ensure safety on the steps on open days. Although we have a constant trickle of new volunteers throughout the year to replenish our team, we do need more. Over the next 12 months, we will be actively seeking to encourage a larger influx of volunteers. Look out for announcements relating to this. In the meantime, please talk to family, friends, neighbours, that nice new couple who have moved in a few doors away, or anyone else you know, to ask if they would be willing to volunteer a few hours each year. Whether your metier is with the toolbox, the teapot, a tally sheet at the gate, trestle table wrangling or tackling administration, we look forward to welcoming you up at High Salvington Windmill.

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Helpers needed for the fete (12 July)

 If you’d like to run a stall at our wonderful traditional fete this year, please contact Andy Campbell on andyrcampbell@btinternet.com and he will fix you up with a fun game or stall to look after. All the stalls at the fete are pocket-money priced, so children can enjoy the thrill of catching a fish, or hooking a prize.

And if you are a crafter, we welcome you as a stall holder at the craft fair in September. Again, Andy can help you with the information you need.

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It’s membership renewal time again. Below is a form to renew. We encourage you to set up a standing order to save having to remember every year. Contact the membership secretary if you wish to do that. The cost is just £4 per annum per individual and £7 for a couple. But why not become a life member?

 

do need more. Over the next 12 months, we will be actively seeking to encourage a larger influx of volunteers. Look out for announcements relating to this. In the meantime, please talk to family, friends, neighbours, that nice new couple who have moved in a few doors away, or anyone else you know, to ask if they would be willing to volunteer a few hours each year. Whether your metier is with the toolbox, the teapot, a tally sheet at the gate, trestle table wrangling or tackling administration, we look forward to welcoming you up at High Salvington Windmill.

‘The Mill’ is edited by Lucy Brooks. 01903 69195

 

Newsletter of the Friends of High Salvington Windmill – October 2019

THE MILL

Newsletter of the Friends of High Salvington Windmill                                                        Autumn 2019

Our windmill blows the mayor’s mind!

The traditional annual fete was held on 14th July this year on a cool but dry summer’s afternoon. Hundreds of visitors arrived to enjoy an afternoon of fun and games. Attractions included many pocket-money sideshows such as splat the rat, smashing china, play your cards right, roll a penny and many more.

Honoured guests included Mayor Hazel Thorpe, with her husband Robin. Despite residing in Worthing since the 1980s, Mayor Thorpe had never visited the mill before, although her husband, Robin, and daughter Ange – visiting this weekend from Scotland where she lives – had both stopped by many years ago. Asked for her reaction to her guided tour of the mill, Mayor Thorpe said just one word: “mind-blowing.” She was very struck by the history behind the mill itself, and the work that volunteers had put into it over the years. Acting Chairman Jeff Best showed Hazel, Robin and Ange round the windmill, and later the Mayor introduced the Sompting Village Morris Dancers, aided by town crier Bob Smitherman.

Mayor Hazel Thorpe concluded by saying: “this weekend I have attended two events – Gay Pride in Worthing yesterday, and the fete today, and I am enjoying the contrast between the relatively new, and this wonderful look back at history. May your volunteers continue your good work, and we at the Council will do what we can to support you.”

The fete raised over £3000 – every penny of which goes towards the upkeep of the windmill.

Congratulations to Graham Carthew (left) and the rest of the committee (Ian and Andy) who organised this year’s event, and thanks go to every single helper who so willingly gave time and effort for the windmill.

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Diamond Open Day

This year, 2019, marked the 60th anniversary of the moment that the windmill passed into public ownership. The Borough Council, worried that the mill would be destroyed by neglect and the weather, purchased it for £2250 and repair work began. But damage sustained during a gale in 1976 meant that the mill was once again in danger. The High Salvington Mill Trust was formed and the decision taken to restore the mill completely. The hurricane of 1987 gave the mill its first taste of renewed life. The great wind turned the single pair of sails for the first time, although the brake was on!

Sixty years on, the Trust decided to hold an open day to the public, to promote the mill and spark the interest of local residents to help us to keep up the good work. May 12th was the chosen day and hundreds of visitors turned up to look at the special exhibitions organised by the team of archivists (thank you in particular to Wendy Funnell for her leadership), take part in a photography competition, and browse the exhibitions. And of course, the guides were kept busy.

There was no admission charge that day, but funnily enough, donations added up to almost as much as would have been charged at the gate.

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Our volunteers

Every single person you see doing a job at the mill is a volunteer. We are quite proud of the fact that we have no paid staff at all. Without our brilliant band of willing helpers, nothing would ever get done. And get done it does! In winter the mill is subject to its routine maintenance, in summer the lawns get cut, the teas get served, the cakes get made, the shop gets stocked, the gate is manned, the mill is prepared, the grain gets ground, and the visitors are guided round our beautiful mill. So, thank you to everyone who gives their time so willingly. And a quick mention for some new volunteers who joined us in 2019: Kathryn Penny, (steps and guiding) John Ranger, Jeff Gillat, Frank Patten, (maintenance) Pat Morey (guiding), Angela and Derek McMillan (books), Paul Minter (Membership, see his biography below), Paola Fleming, Pam Nicholson, Frances Biggs (cake-making), Janet Peete, Sue Morey, Nina Sigston (teas, shop) Lynne Rogers (gate).

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Captain Paul Minter – new Membership Secretary

Paul was brought up in Worthing and in 1975 joined the Royal Fleet Auxiliary, serving his country in the Falklands and the Gulf War. This service was followed by a period working in the Royal Navy, serving on a number of the Royal Navy warships and in several other senior posts in the MOD as well as onshore in Portsmouth.

On retirement in 2016 he became chairman of Worthing Sea Cadets and does voluntary work including for St. Barnabas and the Aldingbourne Trust. We are delighted to welcome Paul as our new membership secretary. He took over from Rachel Trickey, to whom the Board offers its thanks for her stalwart work, during 2019. Paul’s address (published with his agreement) is: 69 Hayling Rise, High Salvington, Worthing, BN13 3AG.  If you have a subscription payment you wish to make via cheque please use the form below and post it to this address.

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Star of TV and Dance

Channel 4’s “A Place in the Sun – Home or Away” chose our windmill to help property hunters Emma and Gracie Lofthouse to find the home they’ve always wanted by looking in the UK and abroad. Producer/Director Ruth Wilson, the sound engineer, and presenter Laura Hamilton filmed several sequences outside our windmill and mentioned some of the history behind it. Roz, Mel and Lucy let them in and gave them the information they needed to do the piece. The show will be aired within the next six months on Channel 4 so look out for it.

Another prestigious photoshoot was arranged with the Nicola Miles Dance Studio prior to their departure to take part in Dance World Cup. This is the biggest dance competition in the world.  Over 20,000 competitors from 62 countries competing at their country qualifiers and at the World Finals each year. Seven girls (age 12-17) from Nicola Miles Theatre Studios (in Worthing) competed for Team England (one of two dance schools in England in this category) in the junior small groups section on Saturday 6th July.  They danced a Turkish National Dance and came eighth in the whole world. Well done.

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Maintenance report

This autumn will see some major repairs to the roundhouse roof, which is leaking. It needs to be fixed before winter to prevent it from worsening and causing damage. A contractor has been selected and work started in September.

The team is still looking for a suitable pump to fit to the wind engine. Meanwhile, the lightbox on the wind generator is creating great interest, especially when the wind is fairly strong during an open day.

A vintage pump has been recovered from a local garden and work is ongoing to restore it and install it on the site, to create “hands-on” interest for visitors.

In our quest to make the site more wheelchair friendly Findon ‘Men-in-Sheds’ are working on a dual-purpose disability table/bench.

This year the Trust purchased a new gazebo which provides shade from the sun and shelter from showers. It proved very useful at the fete too.

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Carols by the bonfire – 20 December

As a thank you to residents, the Mill holds a torchlit carol singing event round the bonfire in the mill grounds. Bring a lantern and your singing voices. 7:15 start.

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Group visits

On 16 July some 60 children laughed and played in the grounds of the mill. They were the charges of Magic Minders, the Worthing Childminding Association. Aged from one to five, the children were engaged in all kinds of games. The childminders brought picnics and enjoyed the beautiful summer morning.

1st and 2nd Findon Brownies paid a visit to the mill on 8th July. An earlier visit had to be abandoned because of pouring rain, but this time the sun shone for this enthusiastic group. Three volunteer guides showed them round the mill, explaining how flour was ground in former times, and the girls had a chance to grind some flour themselves on our mini grindstones – the quern.

On Saturday 22nd of June, local members from the Institute of Mechanical Engineers (pictured) plus some guests enjoyed a fabulous tour of the Windmill. The sun was shining which made for some great photo opportunities before and after the tour. Organiser Charlie Allen said: “We were guided by two exceptionally experienced guides who had extensive knowledge of the mill and its restoration. Following the tour and many questions from our members, we enjoyed some beautiful homemade cake and a cup of tea in the sunshine. Thank you to all of the volunteers that made our visit so interesting and welcoming, and for the great conversations we all were part of.”

A group of millers from the Weald and Downland Living museum at Singleton visited High Salvington in July for a tour and information day. As experienced millers, they appreciated the differences between a water mill, as used at Singleton, and a wind-powered mill, which is designed rather like a sailing ship.

Earlier in the day, they had visited West Blatchington windmill in Hove, a more recent (1820s) smock mill. They enjoyed a delicious lunch in Worthing before proceeding to High Salvington. Founder trust members Bob Potts and Peter Casebow showed the millers the inner workings of the windmill. A spokesman said they had had a fascinating afternoon.

Other groups to visit our mill during the summer included Worthing Camera Club, a large group of year 1 pupils from The Vale school, and a group of “Grumpy Old Men” from Offington park Methodist Church.

If you belong to a group that might enjoy a visit to the windmill, get in touch with Roz Naylor-Smith on tours@highsalvingtonmilltrust.co.uk

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Craft Fair

The craft fair this year was a great success with 25 stalls selling all manner of stitched, painted, carved, and woven items. The weather was kind and the stallholders reported very high interest in their craftwork. Visitor numbers were high, and besides the stalls, entertainment was provided by the Sompting Morris Dancers.

But did you know that the craft fair was started by members of the Windmill Trust back in 1989? Betty Potts, Shirley Ashton, Pat Casebow, Dorothy Edney and Yvonne Welch (all Wives of the Millers!) met for coffee once a week and made small items such as lavender bags, purses and scarves. At first, they took a stall at the fete to sell their wares, along with donated costume jewellery.  Their first venture raised £75.70p for the mill. The separate craft fair held in September started later.

The picture shows the countryside turner, making chair legs and other turned items. He is known as a ‘bodger’. Shame that the meaning of the word has changed over time. He certainly doesn’t bodge his work!

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Follow us on Facebook. Just look for High Salvington Windmill and “like” our page to see news about the mill and the planned events throughout the year. 

And finally: a report from our Acting Chairman

The 2019 season has been a good one for High Salvington Windmill, with a number of successful events. National Mills Weekend open day was rebranded this year as “Diamond Day”, in May, to celebrate the 60th anniversary of Worthing Borough Council’s purchase of the mill. Graham Carthew organised a very successful fete in July, Quentin and Ann English again organised a very well attended Classic Cars day in August. While Ian Fairclough and Andy Campbell masterminded a much-enjoyed Craft Fair in September. I would like to thank our volunteer organisers for their very hard work that makes these events possible, as well as all of those, too numerous to mention individually, without whom we would not be able to keep the “mills” and grounds so well maintained, and open the mill to the public, along with those few who work tirelessly, behind the scenes, administering the Mill Trust and managing its various functions. I’d like to single out Betty Potts for her initiative and indefatigable flour selling that successfully converted the output of our millers’ several grinding sessions into additional income for the mill. Thank you to all our members and volunteers.

A number of you have been maintaining vigilance over planning applications that could impact the mill. We regret that sometimes the needs of the mill and desires of newly-arrived neighbours may conflict. However, the windmill does need wind to operate and losing the ability to do this would be detrimental to what is, arguably, Worthing’s greatest treasure. My thanks to everyone who has commented on planning applications in defence of the mill’s needs.

For personal reasons, Major Tom Wye had to step down from the Board and, for the first time in its history, there are no Worthing Councillors on our board. I’d like to thank Tom for the contribution he made, as a most able Chairman, a popular mill Guide and his facilitation of interactions with the Council. Thanks also, to Rachel Trickey, who passed over the mantle of Membership Secretary to Captain Paul Minter RFA (Rtd) so she could focus more time on her studies. Paul has much experience with other organisations. We have welcomed Paul, Lucy Brooks and Greg Page to the board.

Looking forward, we will be introducing a new look website, courtesy of Stuart Marler, and I look forward to seeing you all at the Carols round the Bonfire on 20th December.

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In memoriam

Newsletter editor Bob Brooks died earlier this year, shortly after completing the March newsletter. He had edited the newsletter for several years and was responsible for increasing its size and ferreting out interesting stories. The newsletter is now edited by his wife, Lucy, whom many of you know as a guide at the windmill.

We are also sad to report the death of Edna Godwin. In the early days of Sunday openings, Edna could usually be found on duty at the gate or selling souvenirs in the shed that served as a shop back then. In later years, when she was unable to help, she would offer parking space for helpers and visitors on busy days. She was always interested in what was going on and the progress of the restoration of the mill. 

The Mill is researched and edited by Lucy Brooks, (01903 691945), email: lucindafbrooks@outlook.com

 

Newsletter of the Friends of High Salvington Windmill Spring 2019

THE MILL
Newsletter of the Friends of High Salvington Windmill Spring 2019.

Bob Potts and Peter Casebow mourn the passing of Roger Ashton.

Some readers may have noticed that the sails of the Mill were set in an unusual configuration in December. This was a tribute to Roger Ashton, one of the Mill’s longest- serving volunteers, who died on 6 December 2018.
“Roger, who joined the Mill group in 1982, was a very meticulous person and worked on the restoration with Peter Casebow – often the only two volunteers on site”, recalls Bob Potts. “He spent many hours over many years in Worthing library tracing the history of the Mill and the development of High Salvington. Roger was a great collector of postcards, stamps, sugar wrappers (thousands of them) and was an expert on plants and all things in the garden. He compiled a list of all of the plants growing on the site. 

“In the early days he was one of three millers, and a guide. “A very level-headed person. When he was chairman of the Board, I consulted him regularly to discuss new suggestions.” During his years of research Roger put together six
large scrapbooks – now in the Mill archive. These cover the history of the Mill, the names of the millers, the uses of the Mill and the site – holiday homes in railway carriages, the office of an estate agent, and an animal injury centre during the second world war, the High Salvington Electricity Company, and many other topics related to the Mill.” 

“In the 1970s Roger, Bob Potts, and I first met”, says Peter Casebow. “Roger’s son, David, persuaded him to join me and we got Bob Potts to join us to form a group of three which has been a driving force in raising funds and in the
restoration of the Mill. We met every Thursday evening and on two Sundays a month – for over 30 years! Roger helped to locate and restore the granary and worked on other projects such as the visitors’ centre, gate hut, and wind
pump.” 
We shall always be grateful to Roger Ashton for his substantial and enthusiastic interest and input towards the restoration of the Mill and its operation over many years.

 

Mill buck straightening completed


Maintenance Coordinator Ian Fairclough reports on work done over the winter
As reported previously the buck (body of the Mill) leans forward, a condition known as ‘head sick’. The clearance of the sails past the roundhouse was extremely tight and by the end of the 2018 season they were clipping the
roundhouse roof. In addition, the Mill had become harder to turn as the wood wears – a wooden frame around the post that acts as a bearing for the post – were leaning hard against the Mill post. It was decided to straighten the Mill
buck and adjust the wood wears to suit in order to reduce the angle of lean and reduce the pressure on the wood wears and the post.
During the winter of 2017-18 a metal jig was fabricated. With the Mill buck held by the jig the wood wears could be removed and adjusted to hold the buck in a more upright position. Although the jig was tested and proved successful
the project was postponed as there was the risk of the work not being completed by the start of the 2018 season, making the Mill inaccessible for visitors. So, in October 2018 the project was restarted and by January 2019 was
completed, making the Mill accessible again.

The work required a great amount of volunteer commitment over the winter period.

Work carried out
The rear wood wear was tackled first and, after much chiselling and cutting, it was removed. The extremely large but delicate piece of wood was sent for repair – the work being done by Peter Casebow’s son, Stephen. He did a fantastic job as the wood wear virtually fell apart and required a complete rebuild. It was installed in a new position about 2.5 inches further back than previously in order to accommodate the new position of the Mill buck.
As with the rear wood wear, extremely large saws capable of cutting the large timbers were required for repair work on the front wood wear. Its timber is much newer and, therefore, more robust. The work was carried out by Wenban
Smith at a very minimal cost. We were extremely grateful to the company for its assistance and delivered Christmas chocolates and biscuits to the staff in appreciation.
The shears – large, original pieces of timber that run from the back of the buck and flank the Mill post – showed signs of rot in places and had to be repaired. This work was carried out by the maintenance team. With the
repositioning and repairs completed the floor supports and bird-proofing was reinstated to provide access to the Mill again.
What has been achieved 
The new position of the buck is clear to see from outside the Mill when viewing the height of the buck skirt (front of the buck) above the roundhouse and the roof. And the clearance from the roundhouse has been increased
substantially. On the downside the tail pole now is lower as the buck has been tipped back which makes it harder to raise the steps as the talthur is lower. It was decided to install a longer talthur – the pole that enables the Mill steps to
be raised and the Mill buck turned. Together with some pivoting adjustments to improve leverage, this should solve the problem.
For further technical information contact Ian Fairclough or Peter Casebow at the Mill.

• Barry Flanagan, who owns the Burton water mill and is an electronics expert, offered to look at the wind generator and has now got it working. It has been installed on the tower with the propeller and showed that it could generate
current even with just a light breeze. However, further calibration and set-up is required before it can be connected to lights. All that is needed is a decent wind.

FREE entry to Mill’s anniversary event – 12th May
2019 marks the 60th anniversary of Worthing Borough Council purchasing the land in Furze Road, High Salvington, on which stands the High Salvington Mill. Thus began the restoration, repair, and renovation of the ‘Grand Old Lady of High Salvington’. To celebrate this anniversary a series of events will be held, the highlight of which will be ‘Diamond Day’ on Sunday 12 May when, coinciding with National Mills Day, special
events will be staged. Entry will be FREE.

Although it is 60 years it could have been 65, says Wendy Funnel, Mill Archivist. It all began in 1954 when the County Planning Officer reported to W.S.C.C. in May that year that ‘little would need to be done to put it [High Salvington Windmill] in firstclass order’. Thus, it was chosen by W.S.C.C. to be preserved as an example of a Post Mill; the Mill at Shipley was chosen as a Smock Mill and Halnaker as an example of a Tower Mill – the cost to be shared between the County, Worthing, and a public appeal. Repairs were estimated to cost £300.  But Worthing Council decided at its July meeting to purchase the Mill for £100, and repairs were estimated at £1500 – the difference being that the Mill had deteriorated in the past year or so, and its condition was becoming critical. Captain and Mrs W. Douglas-Jones who lived in Mill Cottage and ran the Mill, which was owned by the family trust, would be offered a life tenancy at £6 p.a. However, a year later, an offer of purchase of £2500 had been refused and repairs were now estimated at £1800. Negotiations dragged on, delayed by the death of a senior member of the Trust and then in December 1957 by the death of Capt. W. Douglas-Jones, aged 82. He is buried in Durrington Cemetery.  Purchase principle was agreed in the summer of 1958 with a price of £2250; although repairs were by then estimated
at £3500. This allowed Edwin Hole & Son of Burgess Hill, professional millwrights, who had already repaired Shipley and Halnaker windmills, to begin work on the Mill in the early summer of 1959. And finally, the purchase
was effected on the 11th December 1959, conveying the Mill to the ‘Mayor, Aldermen, and Burgesses of the Borough of Worthing’. Mrs Douglas-Jones would be a tenant for life of Mill Cottage, which stood in the NW corner of the mill field. But Mill Cottage and other outbuildings were demolished in 1962 when their condition deteriorated. Mrs Douglas-Jones was re-housed.
Over the next two years the cost of repairs increased as the more the millwrights did, the more was revealed as needing to be done. So, when new sails were finally installed at the end of summer 1961 the cost of purchase and
repairs was around £7,500. But Edwin Hole was confident that the Mill would stand for another 200 years. Thus it was that the Mill was prepared, endured, and survived the harsh winter of 1962-63. Would it have done so, otherwise?
In the spring of 1975 one of the stocks fell off. More investigations followed and Worthing Council was looking at a repair bill of £20,000! Money it did not have. And so, the Volunteers of High Salvington Mill Trust and the Friends
of High Salvington Mill came to the rescue!! But that is another story.

The anniversary celebrations will include an exhibition of four boards which concentrate on the Mill in the state that it was when it was bought, the restoration, and today’s use of four wind-powered mills. In addition, the Mill has a
number of agricultural items – scythe, pitchfork, two-man saw, hay rake – along with immovable farm items in the roundhouse – farm scales, a sack truck, and a 19th
-century lathe. A photography competition also is planned. 

New Volunteers Wanted
The Mill will be using the event to try to attract new members and volunteers. Anyone interested should contact: 
Membership Secretary, Chandons’, Firsdown Close, High Salvington, Worthing BN13 3BQ;
email: membership@highsalvingtonmilltrust.co.uk.

Between April and September the Mill is open every first and third Sunday of the month. In addition, there are special events such as the Annual Fete, Classic Car day, and a Craft Fair.
Much of the information above is drawn from the research by Roger Ashton who visited Worthing Library every Thursday morning for three years, diligently to work through its store of newspapers for references to High
Salvington Windmill.

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Membership Secretary.
The Mill Trust is looking for a Membership Secretary to join the High Salvington Windmill group on a voluntary basis. It requires someone who is prepared to give a few hours of their time once a month.
The membership spreadsheets are easy to use and already set up for the season 2019 – 2020. The current Membership Secretary will guide you through all that is required and help with the transition of the role so you will
not be left on your own.  This is a rewarding position and deserves someone who will want to be a part of the Mill and its team of dedicated supporters.
If you are interested contact Membership Secretary, ‘Chandons’, Firsdown Close, High Salvington, Worthing BN13 3BQ
email: membership@highsalvingtonmilltrust.co.uk.

• Angela and Derek McMillan have taken over the bookstall and are on the look-out for books to be sold at the Mill’s annual fete and other events. Telephone number is 01903 615219; email: angelajmcmillan@gmail.com.

Calendar of events
The High Salvington Mill Trust Ltd has published its schedule of events to be held at the Mill site in 2019. As previously, the Mill will be open to visitors on the first and third Sundays of every month from April to September.
In addition, the Annual Fete, Car Club Day, and other special events will be held. The Board has decided to celebrate National Mills Day (12 May) with a sixtieth-anniversary event to mark the purchase of the land by the
Borough Council. Exhibitions, talks, etc. are planned.

Entry to the May 12th event will be FREE.
7 April Open afternoon 2.30pm to 5.00pm
21 April Open afternoon 2.30pm to 5.00pm
5 May Open afternoon 2.30pm to 5.00pm
12 May National Mills Day; High Salvington
Mill 60th anniversary celebrations;
and Radio Hams 2.00pm to 5.00pm
19 May Open afternoon 2.30pm to 5.00pm
2 June Open afternoon (including Book Fair)
2.30pm to 5.00pm
16 June Open afternoon 2.30pm to 5.00pm
7 July Open afternoon 2.30pm to 5.00pm
14 July Annual Fete 2.00pm to 5.00pm
21 July Open afternoon 2.30pm to 5.00pm
4 August Car Club Day 2.30pm to 5.00pm
18 August Open afternoon 2.30pm to 5.00pm
1 September Autumn Craft Day 1.00pm to 5.00pm
15 September Open afternoon 2.30pm to 5.00pm
20 December Family Carol evening 7.15pm

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Letter
A welcome for the four-page Newsletter
Dear Editor
It was very pleasing to note that The Mill newsletter had been enlarged to four pages. Anything that promotes the
‘Grand Old Lady of High Salvington is to be welcomed.
What could be better than sitting in the sun on a Sunday afternoon with a drink and a slice of delicious home-made
cake and a tour of the Mill to follow.
Thanks for an interesting newsletter and best of luck in your efforts to promote such a treasure.
Diane
Dear Diane
Thanks for your message and your comments. If any other reader has anything to say regarding the Mill and the
Newsletter please write to: Bob Brooks, 34 Furze Road, High Salvington, Worthing BN13 3BH.
Bob Brooks, Editor, The Mill; bobbrooks@btconnect.com
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Membership
The cost of an Annual membership is just £4 (£7 for dual membership). The cost of Life membership is £40.
———————————————————————————————————————————————————
SUBSCRIPTION TO THE HIGH SALVINGTON MILL TRUST LTD
Annual membership per person £ 4.00 
per dual couple £ 7.00 
Life membership per person £40.00 
I/we enclose CASH/CHEQUE payable to HIGH SALVINGTON MILL TRUST LTD
NAME: __________________________________________________________________________________________
ADDRESS: _____________________________________________________________ Post Code_________________
Signed ___________________________ Date ___________________ email: __________________________________
Send to: Rachel Trickey, ‘Chandons’, Firsdown Close, High Salvington, Worthing BN13 3BQ.
email: membership@highsalvingtonmilltrust.co.uk
Data Protection: If you object to your name and address being kept on computer, please raise the matter with the
membership secretary.
Registered in England Company no. 4199780 Registered office: 12 Furzeholme, Worthing BN13 3BS

The Mill is researched and edited by Bob Brooks, (01903 691945), email: bobbrooks@btconnect.com

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